One of the most popular actions of the European Union (EU) is the setting up of university exchange programs. University exchange programs are programs organized by specific universities and scheduled in a precise period of the year. During these programs students or professors of different countries gather and work together. The most common objective of the university exchange programs is to spread the culture and habits of one country within other countries of the same continent (or even countries of different continents). In addition, people who participate in that kind of exchange programs share the knowledge, the teaching or other professional techniques across different countries.Socrates is the name chosen by the European Union for this general education program. Under this name, three large programs coexist for the public.Erasmus is the first education program offered by the EU. This program brings higher education to 15 EU countries, the European Economic Area and associated countries of Eastern and Central Europe as well as Cyprus and Malta. It must be noted that Erasmus includes much more than just student exchange programs, e.g. it encourages the mobility of teachers thus permitting the sharing of knowledge and teaching techniques across Europe.The Leonardo da Vinci program is also part of the Socrates program. It deals with professional education and the mobility of persons within the framework of professional internships in companies abroad. The EU countries, the European Economic Area and some countries of Eastern Europe are involved in this program. The internships have duration of between 3 weeks to 9 months and involve students in professional, technical and scientific areas, young graduates and those unemployed.The Lingua program is concerned with students studying modern languages and who intend to teach. In fact, it includes many more activities and its objective is to promote and encourage the learning and the diffusion of the official modern languages of the EU, associated countries and countries of the European Economic Area. Notably the language students can go abroad as an assistant for a period of 3 months to one academic year in the country of the language they have studied. The program consists of 12 hours of classes under the authority of the local professor.In addition to the above programs, there is the Tempus program, which started in 1993. Tempus has enabled relationships between universities to occur. This is meant to enable the comparison and the convergence of higher education systems of the participating countries, thanks to a network of international relations offices. The most important part for students is the setting up of university exchange programs within all the countries involved in the Tempus program.Finally, there are other programs that exist with other partners and function under the same methods as the Erasmus and Tempus programs: for example the Alfa program which involves South America, and to a lesser degree there is a program in China as well as the UMAP program in Asia.
Workplace safety and wellness programs benefit employers and their employees. While the programs can be implemented independently of each other, there are proven enhanced results when the two are combined into one overarching Employee Health, Safety, and Wellness program. Research indicates that integrated programs result in a healthier, more productive workplace. Benefits to the employer include better employee retention rates, reduced costs associated with high turnover (such as training), fewer instances of sick leave and disability claims, increased productivity, and improved quality of products and services.Our ideas about a healthy workplace have evolved from an almost exclusive focus on the physical work environment (primarily on-the-job safety concerns) to a more holistic concept that encompasses psychosocial and personal health factors. One result is that the workplace is increasingly used as a setting for the promotion of employee wellness and preventive health activities. This new focus is comprehensive in scope, encompassing assessment and improvement of employees’ overall health in addition to occupational injury prevention. It includes an increasing emphasis on programs that support and accommodate older workers and those with chronic diseases or disabilities. The expanded concept of a healthy workplace aligns with the World Health Organization’s definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease.Several important business trends underscore the need for an integrated approach to safety and wellness programs that reflect our broadened definition of health:
Healthcare costs have risen faster than wages and corporate profits, causing many employers to cut back on health benefits and employees to pay more for their healthcare.
Corporate mergers, restructuring, and job insecurity that have often led to increased work hours and greater job responsibilities for employees, resulting in added health risk factors.
Higher rates of chronic disease and increased costs of treatment, which highlights the importance of effective prevention and disease management programs.
Telecommuting and a 24/7 accessibility mindset, which is eroding the distinction between illness or injury sustained at work and elsewhere.
An aging U.S. workforce that faces increased health and wellness challenges, and employers who are seeking ways to increase work longevity in order to benefit from older employees’ experience, wisdom, and commitment.
Given the current financial outlook, these trends are not going away in the foreseeable future and businesses are well advised to consider ways to mitigate health related costs for the company and its employees. The combined safety and wellness program can be an integral part of a company’s plan.An integrated program functions as a holistic program that responds to a wide range of objectives. Elements of a comprehensive program may include job safety initiatives and efforts to create cultures of health and safety; early recognition and treatment of injury or illness; disability prevention and return to work programs; assessment of worker health status; a proactive response to personal health risks; emergency preparedness planning; and behavioral health and environment safety issues. While these may appear to be diverse, unrelated activities, they are aimed at the same goals: promoting overall employee health and preventing workplace injuries and illnesses. The growing body of evidence makes a strong argument for an integrated approach. Programs that address health risks from work (both physical and psychosocial) and individual risks (such as diet and smoking) are more effective in protecting and improving employee health than traditional isolated programs.With an integrated program in place, an employer can evaluate a problem from a viewpoint that takes all the components of a healthy workplace into consideration. For example, if musculoskeletal disorders are occurring among people working in a clinical setting, the employer can examine the ergonomics of the work process/station and correct any hazardous physical conditions. However, there may be additional contributors to the problem that need to be considered, such as psychosocial issues related to workload and time pressures, or personal health issues related to employees’ physical fitness or obesity. In addition to the ergonomic solution, an on-site 30-minute core conditioning class three times a week might be effective for reducing these disorders.There are several factors that an employer will want to consider. One is the cost of prevention programs vs. the costs resulting from employee accidents and illnesses. Another is the financial penalties associated with violations of health, safety, and occupational rules and laws. The third important consideration is the value of employee health as a business asset. This final consideration is identified by most program committees as essential for maximizing the effectiveness of a combined safety and wellness program. As such, an important component in the establishment and perpetuation of the program is senior management’s adoption of a health, safety and well-being “filter” in all corporate decisions.Depending upon a company’s current programs, the creation of a combined Employee Health, Safety, and Wellness program can be a challenging process:
If two separate committees for safety and wellness are already established, you will need to plan on several meetings to discuss the mechanics of integrating the two programs. A strong facilitator is important for this process, which should include some thoughtful attention to goals for the combined program.
If the company has only a safety committee in place, adding the wellness component can be fairly smooth since the wellness initiatives can draw upon the same resources, including the history of what has engaged and motivated employees in the safety program.
The type of industry may complicate integration because safety requirements can be subject to complex laws and governmental oversight. In some cases, it may be best to keep the safety and wellness programs as separate entities. If so, it would be beneficial to include at least one person from the safety committee, or its leadership, on the wellness committee. This will help keep the lines of communication open regarding mutual goals and effective means of achieving them.
In the healthcare industry, the most common hurdle is how to implement the integrated committee. Established committees for safety, quality assurance, human resources, and employee health typically have budgets for safety and well-being programs. All four committees can potentially contribute resources to a blended committee. A key to success for healthcare organizations will be a collaborative management of the changes that is inclusive of all existing committees.
While the creation of an Employee Health, Safety, and Wellness program in whatever format that is suitable for your company may take some effort, it will undoubtedly prove worthwhile. Health is one of the most important and complex issues faced by our country today, and the workplace has a central role to play.Integrating workplace wellness, health, and safety supports a holistic approach to health and I encourage you to join this new approach. Start by conceptualizing how integration may work for your company: take a look at the “big picture'” and potential blending of your existing committees and resources.